Tag Archives: Poisoning

A general update on current events in Paradise down under

To all our regular readers… thanks for your patience everybody. I’ve actually been moving house these past two weeks & not holidaying in sunnier climes as some had thought. I’m now in Whanganui my original home town. Whanganui is to the West of the Rangitikei, the Horowhenua is to the South. And I find already that Whanganui is enveloped daily in that familiar geoengineering smog, steadily polluting

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Whanganui, NZ, constantly enveloped in geoengineering smog

the air & water. As I write at 10 am on 13 July, I see the first pencil line on the sky, same as I saw yesterday & the day before. Constantly wiping out the blue. Yesterday I could even see the plane. Quick bursts, small & long trails that quickly form into clouds. More on that later ….

So for two weeks it’s been little peeks on here, the odd brief comment and reblog with a phone or a borrowed laptop. Even now I’m still on a laptop as my desktop is semi set up….

And I see with my brief looks on FB that things have been developing on the 1080 front. (As much as I dislike FB & the ever encroaching censorship, it is the main platform for the latest info by the myriad of excellent researchers & environmentalist groups on 1080 developments)  … there has for starters been the event concerning the man who was poisoned at the 1080 factory in Christchurch, nary a word in lamestream media of his condition or what he was poisoned by. It appears to be top secret.

So why can’t they tell us?

My guess which isn’t rocket science of course, is that it WAS 1080. (They can’t get away with ‘botulism’ this time as it was in a 1080 factory & it was an accident .. bit of a stretch

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The deadly Class 1A Ecotoxin, 1080 poison, slathered all over NZ for more than 50 years & still we have ‘pests’

to spin the botulism fairy tale … see all related articles on that debacle here). Damage control in my humble opinion but hopefully now folk are beginning to join dots & see that what the good NZ MD Charles Baycroft said is true … they won’t test for 1080 and for a reason. If you don’t test of course you won’t find it. Clever isn’t it? See at this link what happens if you do express the desire to fully conduct studies on this at an academic level. Hint: you won’t be celebrated with any science awards. The NZ corporation is not into independent science at all. Try presenting some independent research to your local councils and see the response.

Anyhow I digress & I haven’t even mentioned the furore over the trucking of 14 odd tonnes of flood damaged 1080 pellets all the way to our own Bonny Glen landfill in the Rangitikei. (Read RNZ’s take on it here). You know, the landfill that’s now gotten the Rangitikei dubbed by locals as the ‘toilet bowl’ (formerly grain bowl) of NZ, the one recently quadrupled in size that had all the cover ups on the volume of leachate being disposed of via the WWTP (submission at the link by then local Hamish Allan)... a gentleman’s agreement at the point of sale that stretched somewhat & came to light via onto-it people who noticed the night pumping of leachate into the plant. The council there employs the same modus operandi as your esteemed corporation cum government … they don’t do instream biota surveys (well hardly ever) so’s they won’t find that the water quality has deteriorated.  You can read about all of that at the Bonny Glen pages at the main menu.  The consent hearings by the way to expand the tip were held 30 minutes drive away in Feilding, not in Marton, the location of concern. And the session I attended saw one of the three man panel make a Freudian slip saying ‘when the consents are granted’ not ‘if’.

Intriguing.

To boot, the unfortunate folk who live on certain streets in Marton have to endure refuse trucks rumbling by at 5-10 minute intervals starting at 6am (and why through town when there is a suitable network of equally accessible country roads is anybody’s guess) along with the wafting of the stench from the ginormous landfill just kilometers away under certain wind conditions. And I haven’t even mentioned the feral cats, the rats & the seagulls that drop rubbish all over surrounding farms, allegedly causing the death at times of stock. As you could say, for the town folk as well as those adjacent to the tip, stiff cheese for the plummet in their property values. They weren’t using their crystal balls like the esteemed authorities were. When the whole landfill expansion idea was sprung upon them & they organized a public meeting, District Councilors whom they’d elected to represent them were not allowed to comment or offer advice of any kind. They sat there silent whilst the debate raged. The illusion of democracy folks.

On the 1080 front, there is info that’s come out from an OIA request by lawyer Sue Grey & Councilor Kathy White regarding residue tests, proving that 1080 is right throughout our food chain (more in a post to come). So all that those pesky ‘conspiracy theorists’ have been going on about for ages might be true after all? And they told us all (& unbelievably, continue to) that 1080’s safe as houses & breaks down in water. No surprizes there. Your country Kiwis is corrupt to the core. Money matters & you don’t any more. Roger Douglas has a lot to answer for.

I also heard on a similar line, that NZ’s Northland kids have one of the highest rates of rheumatic fever in the world, due it’s reported, to poverty & homelessness (43K in NZ homeless). But then according to a recent OIA request I made they’ve rid us of some 3K state homes, once a public asset. And people are reporting these homes are still being bulldozed. If you see any being expunged in your area please let us know. Sad isn’t it, when NZ was once hailed as clean and green & a country that cared for its people? In fact I remember Jacindarella recently paying lip service at Buckingham Palace to the sentiment that people come first, wearing her gifted korowai (feather cloak), reciting ‘he tangata, he tangata, he tangata‘, part of a Māori proverb that said people mattered (most of all) … words to that effect. She was holding high a glass of wine and toasting the people. Well, the people are toast unfortunately, as she carries on the globalist wrecking policies from decades ago that get more 14484651_1472593802754892_3596900895775183479_n.jpgdestructive with each ‘new’ corporation/govt that in reality doesn’t differ from one side to the other whilst we’re all still fed the illusion of choice. (Remember Gareth Hughes’ Green Party speech?) That’s the reality of the new world order, one world government, Agenda 2030 scam they’ve been inching on us since the big announcement early ’90s by George Bush Sr … aka …. the ‘sustainable development’ LIE. 

On that note … I’ll expand on all of the above in posts to come. There’s quite a lot going on.

Thanks again to all those who read, correspond, comment & enlighten me with your links, information, advice & criticisms … and sharing your own personal visions & plans on how to push all of that manure uphill with the proverbial garden rake.

EWR

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The Catch 22 of 1080 poisoning in NZ – an MD says there is ‘no evidence’ of it because it is not allowed to be looked for

 

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Probably botulism or another unidentified neuro-toxin again? It could never be 1080 because that is just a deadly chemical weapon that is not supposed to harm the people of NZ. The MOH says that “there is no evidence”. There is no evidence because the Ministry of Non-health does not allow the evidence to be looked for. There is plenty of evidence that 1080 efficiently kills people, causes abortions, causes stillbirths, and causes birth defects and no evidence that it does not. There are no valid clinical trials of 1080 or other poisons because they are POISONS. The only place where people do experiments in which people are exposed to poisons is New Zealand. Other countries have heard about the precautionary principle and medical ethics but the people of New Zealand don’t seem to have been provided with that news. All we get here is false propaganda, published by a tame media, controlled by self-serving bureaucrats in dysfunctional and corrupted government enterprises. When people who are potentially exposed to poisons become ill the cause of illness is ASSUMED TO BE DUE TO POISONING UNTIL CONCLUSIVELY PROVEN OTHERWISE. That is how medicine is practiced in most countries. In New Zealand we already know that the people are potentially exposed to 1080 and other poisons but our Ministry of NOT-Health policy is that people are presumed to NOT BE POISONED by this exposure unless it can be proven beyond any doubt that they have been poisoned. Just to make sure that the PROOF CANNOT BE FOUND the appropriate investigations are also prohibited. This is called a catch 22 conspiracy. People are told that exposure to a deadly poison cannot harm them “because there is no evidence”. There is no evidence because it is not allowed to be looked for. The evidence is not allowed to be looked for because the people have been told that the poison cannot harm them. Without any intent to insult any specific employee of any government enterprise, it has always been generally agreed that any doctor who is competent and capable would never work for the government.

Dr Charles Baycroft

 

An OIA response from Environment Canterbury RC raises serious doubts about the safety of 1080 factory Pest Control Research Ltd

This concerns the recent poisoning of a worker at the Christchurch plant that manufactures 1080 poison baits. Remember our recent article from Alan Gurden raising concerns about dust from this factory? See ‘Related’ below.  EWR

By Carol Sawyer

A contact in the manufacturing industry tells me :

“The way I read this, (the attached OIA response), the consent has only been live for a few weeks so any toxic bait previously made and the air consequently discharged (presumably via the front roller door) was in breach of the RMA.”

This means that all of the baits made for the Hope and Cascade Valleys, Fiordland, aerial 1080 drop last year for DoC’s ‘Battering the Birds’ programme and all of the Pindone rabbit baits were made with the front roller door used as an air extractor!

I am told that the adequacy of a single bag filter system (which is sure to fail at some point) is seriously questionable, as is its failure warning system, (which is based on pressure variations inside and outside). A particle sensor with alarm and auto shut-down might give the neighbours more comfort!!

PCR Ltd, 8 Centrum Lane, Rolleston, got consent to manufacture 1080 baits in mid-2018. The factory is surrounded by businesses. Could the workers in those businesses have been affected by toxic 1080 poison dust coming out of the roller door? It is most certainly not in an isolated area.

Now we hear that a PCR Ltd worker had an accident in a warehouse in Bromley “processing chemicals that were going to be delivered to the main PCR office in Rolleston”. This happened on 28 May and is only just released in the news tonight, two weeks later. The last I heard the poor man was in a coma. Did the warehouse in Bromley have consents to be processing poisons?!!!

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On ‘Operation Ban 1080’, Dave Burrows has stated publicly “This is KiwiCare” property owned by Matthew O’Brien. It is not licensed to carry out any poison work at Bromley. He also owns 51% of PCR Ltd at Rolleston. Let us hope this does not become another coverup job!!” See photo of OBrien attached.

PCR Ltd is operated by Kiwi Care Corporation. It is 49% owned by the West Coast Regional Council, and 51% owned by Pest Control Investors Ltd ( O’Brien?), and is operated by KiwiCare Corporation.

OIA Response from ECRC:

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RELATED:

ROLLESTON PEOPLE, ARE YOU AWARE OF THE RISKS OF TOXIC DUST DISPERSAL FROM YOUR LOCAL 1080 POISON FACTORY?


 

If you are new to the 1080 poisoning program, here is a good article to start with …

WHY ARE PEOPLE SO CONCERNED ABOUT 1080?

A must watch also is Poisoning Paradise, the doco made by the GrafBoys (banned from screening on NZ TV, yet a 4x international award winner). Their website is tv-wild.com. Their doco is a very comprehensive overview with the independent science to illustrate the question marks that remain over the use of this poison. There are links also on our 1080 resources page to most of the groups, pages, sites etc that will provide you with further information.

Check out the 1080 pages at the main menu, particularly the sub tab, ‘suspected 1080 poisoning cases’. Finally, remember what the retired MD Charlie Baycroft said recently …‘if you die from 1080 poisoning, nobody will know  because the Ministry of Health is bullying NZ Doctors into not testing for 1080′. 

Note we don’t condone or advocate violence, & unlike those who support the use of 1080 poison we do not support cruelty to animals. Note it can take up to two days for animals to die an agonizing death from 1080. Now that is violence.

 

A worker is said to be in a hopeful condition in hospital, after a workplace incident involving chemicals in Christchurch

This all happened two weeks ago and has only just come to the public light. I wonder why?  Keep in mind the recent alarm sounded by Alan Gurden regarding the poison factory in Christchurch. EWR


12 June 2019

“The Institute for Environmental Science and Research is carrying out testing at Bromley’s Pest Control Research site, and WorkSafe is investigating.

The staff member was exposed to the chemicals two weeks ago at the site which handles, but doesn’t make, 1080 poison.

Research director at the site Matthew O’Brien says they’re supporting their worker.

He says they’re doing everything they can to support their man and his family, as well as to assist WorkSafe with their work.”  (Read more related links with videos below).

SOURCE:

Listen below to

RELATED

https://www.tvnz.co.nz/one-news/new-zealand/investigation-sparked-after-chemical-poisoning-leaves-christchurch-worker-in-coma

https://www.stuff.co.nz/national/113428313/worker-poisoned-at-pest-control-warehouse-in-christchurch

https://www.nzherald.co.nz/nz/news/article.cfm?c_id=1&objectid=12239749

A NZ ecologist firmly believes the near extinction of our Kea & Rock Wren is due to the continued use of 1080

WITNESSING THE EXTINCTION OF SPECIES

From Carol Sawyer

By Bill Wallace, (Leader of the Ban1080 Party and a qualified ecologist), April 22, 2017

The first Department of Conservation radio-tagging trial with Kea during an aerial 1080 poisoning operation was in 2008. Of the 17 monitored Kea at Franz Josef, 7 died of 1080 poisoning. (40% mortality)

DoC’s excuse at the time “may have been because juvenile Kea in the area had a habit of investigating “human-type” junk foods. .” (ODT 2/08/08)

In 2008 The Dominion Post obtained a draft internal report by DOC after the 7 deaths. The report says “aerial 1080 may well be a significant threat to the Kea population” with some drops “probably devastating”…

DoC’s Dr. Josh Kemp said “The Franz Josef Kea deaths had “shocked and stunned” DOC” (Stuff 28/01/09)

But Kea deaths from 1080 poison have been proven for over 52 years.

In 1964 Protection Forest workers picked up 4 dead Kea and 8 dead seagulls after a single 1080 drop. The birds tested positive for 1080 poisoning. (M.H.Douglas: Control of Tahr: Evaluation of a Poisoning Technique July 1966).

To find 12 large poisoned birds on foot would indicate the death rate must have been devastating for all the bird species in the area. DoC like to blame the decline in Kea numbers on early bounties. “ Kea had numbered in the hundreds of thousands but were devastated when a bounty was paid to kill them because of concerns they attacked stock.” (Press 29/07/08)

In 2011, DoC poisoned 7 out of 11 Kea at North Okarito ( 60% mortality). DoC’s excuse this time “It seemed likely the more open nature of the North Okarito forest was a factor, Mr Costello said” (ODT 12/09/11)

DoC then went on in 2013 to kill 5 radio-tagged Kea at Arthur’s Pass, DoC’s excuse this time “the repellent was less than the target concentration”( Stuff 21/08/13)

If such inane, puerile excuses were put forward by CYPS or the Police next time a vulnerable child is brutally killed, the media and politicians alike would take the offending officials to task. DoC appear immune from such scrutiny.

In 1999 DoC’s Dr’s Elliot and Kemp said “Kea nests appear to be relatively immune to predation from introduced mammals…Our results agree with a previous study of Kea nesting at Arthur’s Pass, where no evidence of significant nest predation was found (Jackson 1963).” (G Elliot & J Kemp 1999)

Now DoC claim “The Kea deaths are unfortunate but without protection most Kea chicks are killed by stoats. (Westport News 26/01/15)

So what has changed, DoC’s inept monitoring of nests since 2000 would appear to be resulting in further Kea predation and nest abandonment.

Overseas bird experts warn “Avoid leaving tracks or human scent that can direct predators to nests.” (Cornell University Ornithology Dept 2011) “visiting nests to check the contents necessarily results in disturbance of the individuals being studied. Moreover, investigator disturbance may increase the probability of nest predation… Human disturbance may also reduce nest attendance” (Elser and Grand 1993).

The logic is simple. Birds fly to their nests and leave no scent trail. Dr’s Elliot and Kemp and their sweaty cohorts leave a scent trail to the nests that a geriatric stoat on crutches could follow. “Eggs and chicks disappeared from 35% of the nests we monitored and at two of these nests definite sign of stoat predation was found” “Once it was found, we checked each nest every 2-3 weeks until it either failed or the chicks had fledged…” (G Elliot& J Kemp 2004)

Black-billed seagulls are now endangered, but DoC’s predecessors knew they were slaughtering them in their breeding grounds during the nesting season back in 1964.
“A Department of Conservation report on bird numbers has classified the Black-billed gull “nationally critical”, the most serious category, usually reserved for our rarest birds, because of the rate of expected decline. There were an estimated 180,000 to 200,000 of the birds in 1977. There are now thought to be 60,000 to 70,000.” (Stuff 30/10/14)

In 2014, when DoC first monitored the endangered Rock wren through an aerial 1080 drop, 29 of 44 birds “disappeared” ( 65% mortality). DoC blamed “heavy snowfall” at the time and said “We have found no dead rock wren. There’s no evidence to suggest that … we’ve knocked them out with 1080.”(Herald 19/01/15)
But DoC’s Dr. Elliot now admits “The 1080 drop in 2014 killed four Keas and led to the death of Rock Wrens” (Fairfax Nov 16th 2015)

So why do so many otherwise sane people accept everything that DoC tell them? The so called independent EPA report is often cited, and the Parliamentary Commissioner for Environment, Dr Wright is an absolute “1080-ophile”

But the Environment Protection Agency (EPA) review was called for by Department of Conservation (DoC) and Animal Health Board, and there was no cross examination of witnesses from either side of the debate. In October 2006, the AHB and DoC jointly submitted the formal application for reassessment of 1080. The applicants argued that 1080 is essential to controlling possums, which pose significant risks to farming (through the spread of bovine Tb) and to the environment (through predation of native plants and birds – EPA 2007).

The EPA report therefore, is similar in stature to a Local Council decision, made by Councillors or Commissioners. Such Council decisions are often completely rejected or significantly modified by the Environment Court, with the benefit of cross examination of witnesses.

Even after 63 years use of 1080 poison, DoC’s Graeme Elliot says “How are you supposed to find out how to do it perfectly? There is a lot of learning to do before we will get these operations perfect.” (Fairfax March 29th 2016)

There is not a shadow of doubt in my mind, or in that of the many retired Forest Service personnel and bushmen that I know, that the single biggest cause of the rapid decline of species such as Kea and Rock wren, is DoC and its inept and continuing use of 1080, and these species may well be extinct in our lifetimes, probably before Dr. Elliot finishes “learning”.

Bill Wallace
Ecologist
Leader Ban1080 Political Party, (April, 2017)

‘Biocidal Aotearoa’ – Hear an interview with NZ MD Fiona McQueen on 1080 (On the Brink Radio)

An excellent and informative interview. Fiona McQueen (MBChB, MD, FRACP) wrote The Quiet Forest, The Case Against Aerial 1080 in 2017. She graduated from the University of Otago in Medicine in 1980 and has worked as a consultant rheumatologist within the NZ public health system for the last 26 years. She completed an MD in Immunology in 1996 and was made Professor of Rheumatology in 2009. She has had a distinguished international academic career and has been active in research and teaching. She has had a life-long passion for tramping and experiencing the NZ bush, especially the alpine regions of the South Island. This has led to a deep interest in conservation. (Information cited from her book).

To listen click on the orange button below.

Prior to its US ban, 1080 was added to water to poison ship rats – yet DoC says it’s safe in our waterways

Remember the NZ Government has changed the rules so that 1080 poison, a Class 1A Ecotoxin, can be dropped directly into our waterways, without a consent from regional councils. They assure us it is perfectly safe and breaks down in water. And yet, here we see historically it was added to water to poison rats. How ‘scientific’ is that? We have two conservation academics with multiple degrees to their names, one considered the ‘founder of modern pest management in NZ’,  discussing their concerns at the science used by DoC to back their Predator Free 2050 program. They say it “has not been well informed by scientific knowledge or conservation best practice”. Now, aside from the questions raised about the reliability of the science behind this ambitious yet questionable program, we have a seeming reluctance by the authorities  to test for 1080 should you get poisoned. Please check out our 1080 ‘Suspected Poisoning’ page to explore that notion. And more recently we had a retired NZ physician threatened with prosecution for advising the public how to go about getting themselves tested should they suspect they’ve been affected by a nearby 1080 aerial drop. He adds that should you die of it, nobody will know. 

Finally, on dilution. To cover that whole topic thoroughly requires a post of its own, however bear in mind the manufacturer’s data sheet warns us not to place 1080 in waterways at all:

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Then there was a former co leader of the Green Party who expressed concern about the testing of post 1080 drop water. The frequency of finding 1080 in water samples is at odds with independent testing he said. Official figures say 1080 is detected only 3% of the time however, from the calculations of an independent scientist that incidence is closer to 60%. Lastly we have to ask ourselves, if 1080 is so safe in water because it breaks down, then why was there ever a regional council consent required for it in the first place? All in all not good enough in my opinion. Keeping a Class 1A ecotoxin out of your drinking, or any other water really isn’t rocket science.

 

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During the 1950s prior to being banned in the US, 1080 was added to  water to poison ships’ rats

From the ‘NO to 1080 use in NZ’ FB page

 1950’s America

Contrary to recent articles in the New Zealand media (including one seemingly supported by the Toxicology Dept of the University of Otago), 1080 poison does not become ‘safe’ when dissolved in water. In fact, historically (before it was banned), it was used in the USA as a poisoned water solution (along with DDT, before that was banned too), to kill the rats on cargo ships, in order to reduce the risk of rats’ fleas carrying a plague disease to humans.

In an academic public health journal, an article was published by Dr John H. Hughes on Aug. 11, 1950.
Entitled “1080 (Sodium Fluoroacetate) Poisoning of Rats on Ships” (Public Health Reports (1896-1970), Vol. 65, No. 32, pages 1021-1028) Dr Hughes explained how “the recommended concentration [for killing rats] is one-half ounce or 14 grams of the poison [which was] dissolved in one gallon of water.” The rats would drink from the poisoned-water bait-stations (which were made of paper cups) and die. Thousands of rats were found dead on 379 different ships, during inspections of the ships’ holds that took place between 24 hours to over a week after the poisoned water had been positioned. The dead rats were tested for poisoning to better understand the processes involved and then safely incinerated because the scientists knew of the high risks that the carcasses would contaminate other areas or poison other animals. The poisoned-water bait-stations were removed because “evaporation made the poisoned water more concentrated” – and therefore more lethal for unintended species.

Later, 1080 poison would be banned for use in ships’ holds, partly because, inevitably, many of the poisoned rats were NOT found: the risk of secondary poisoning was deemed to be too high.


If you are new to the 1080 poisoning program, a must watch is Poisoning Paradise, the doco made by the GrafBoys (banned from screening on NZ TV, yet a 4x international award winner). Their website is tv-wild.com. Their doco is a very comprehensive overview with the independent science to illustrate the question marks that remain over the use of this poison. There are links also on our 1080 resources page to most of the groups, pages, sites etc that will provide you with further information to make your own informed decision on this matter.

 

In spite of a signed letter to Govt by 19 NZ Doctors concerned about 1080 health risks, the Hunua Ranges drop is going ahead!

Note: remember people, this has been in court (big thanks to Sue Grey, lawyer) and DoC’s lawyers asked the judge for their scientist to NOT be cross examined. How dodgy is that? And the drop is going ahead. No surprizes there. See the Court approval here.
The news here below is from Carol Sawyer.

IMMEDIATE PRESS RELEASE*

THE INCREDIBLE LETTER BELOW HAS BEEN PREPARED BY DOCTORS WHO ARE CONCERNED ABOUT 1080 POISON BEING DEPOSITED IN DRINKING WATER

Open letter to the Government, Friday, 21st September 2018.

As doctors, we are extremely concerned about the health risk of depositing poisoned bait over 22,500 hectares of the Hunua water catchment area. Specifically, we are concerned about Sodium Fluoroacetate (SMFA / 1080), a known deadly poison which is known to cause sub-lethal effects on reproduction and is classified as a teratogen, having potential to contaminate the Auckland water supply.

There is no effective antidote for 1080 poisoning in humans.

We are extremely concerned that public officials are not adopting a far more precautionary approach to the safety of the Auckland water catchment, especially when the effects of 1080, a highly soluble poison, is not quantifiably able to be tested on how it affects the health of humans.

Studies show that 1080 affects the reproductive organs, the cardiac system, and respiratory system in mammals. There is no safe minimal level known and water testing and sampling after aerial 1080 application cannot prudently protect the public from risk of exposure from this poison.

As doctors, we are responsible for the health of individuals and communities. Therefore, we ask the government to immediately stop the usage of sodium fluoroacetate which has potential to contaminate the New Zealand water supply.

Signed,

Dr Ulrich Doering MBChB, Dipl O+G, FRNZCGP

Dr Roger Leitch MBChB, FRNZCGP

Dr Mogens Poppe FRNZCGP FRACGP

Dr Janine Budden MBChB, FRNZCGP

Dr Caroline Wheeler MBChB

Dr Ron Goedeke

Dr Tessa Jones MBChB, Dipl Obs, FRNZCGP, FACNEM, FAARM

Dr. Charles M. Baycroft BSc; MD. FRNZCGP, Dip MSM, QBE.

Dr Donald Palmer MBChB, Dipl O+G, FRNZCGP

Dr Jocelyn Lydford MD

Dr Kamal Karl MBBS, FRNZCGP, FACNEM, FNZCAM, FACCS

Dr Avani Karl

Dr Rick Coleman MB ChB, Dip Obst, FRNZCGP

Dr Helen Proctor

Dr Richard Drexel

Dr Tim Ewer, MB ChB, MMedSci, MRCP, FRACP, FRNZCGP, Dip Occ Med

Dr Tracey Chandler BSc (Hons), MB ChB, FRNZCGP, MNZSCM, PGDipSEM, Cert Dermoscopy

Dr Janine Budden MBCHB, MRCGP, FRNZCGP, CertNutrMed, DipObs

Michael E Godfrey MB.BS. FACNEM

 

For related articles use ‘categories’ at left of news page. Also use the search box & see our 1080 pages at main menu.

The series of 1080 poisonings in 1963 that led to the UK & the EU banning the deadly substance

The Smarden 1080/1081 poisoning is important as an incident because it led to the banning of this chemical in the UK and later the EU. A ‘large number’ of rats and other animals died as a result of a poisoned pony used as pet food and at least 20 horses and cattle died as a result of the contaminated water near a 1080 pesticide factory. From my own read of the article & the poisonings around the factory, there were 78 domestic animals poisoned (cats & dogs), seven sheep, 20 odd cows & several calves, one goat and two guinea pigs. (There are two articles here):

The forgotten story of how a toxic spill and a book launched Britain’s environmental movement

Today we take for granted an awareness of environmental matters, but this was not always the case. It could be said that in Britain there was a moment when that environmental consciousness arrived. When in 1963 some farm animals in the parish of Smarden in Kent became sick and died, suspicions fell on a nearby pesticide factory run by a division of Rentokil Laboratories. The events that followed amounted to one of the first environmental scandals in contemporary British history – one that would galvanise the environmental movement.

It became clear that the factory, a large shed in the middle of farmland, was manufacturing toxic chemicals and that a leak of one of these, fluoroacetamide, led to Britain’s first documented livestock mass poisoning. The incident might have passed by as only a historical footnote, but instead the Smarden leak quickly became a national concern with international implications, and has cast a long shadow across the approach to intensive agriculture in the UK in the years since.

Part of why this incident had such major repercussions is due to timing, coming as it did at the same time as American writer Rachel Carson’s Silent Spring was first published in the UK. Seen as the first polemic of the environmental movement, Carson’s book was a significant catalyst to the emergence of modern environmentalism on both sides of the Atlantic.

An ecological narrative arrives

Houghton Mifflin Company

Local veterinarian Douglas Good had unique knowledge of fluoride poisoning having worked with a leading expert in South Africa and on cases of animals affected by industrial fluoride poisoning in England. Taking his cue from Carson, Good disseminated what he called a “short story” about the incident to the press, putting across the Smarden incident as not simply a local industrial waste spill, but as deadly evidence of the pervasiveness of toxic pesticides in the environment. Acknowledging his inspiration, Good concluded his narrative by declaring that the “subject of Rachel Carson’s book Silent Spring had become a reality here in the heart of the Garden of England”.

The media placed the Smarden incident within a Carson-inspired ecological critique of the dangers of an intensive, industrial approach to agriculture. Good, like Carson, was a trained scientist. Like her, he raised concerns about technocracy – governmental administration underpinned by scientific and technological expertise. As the Smarden incident unfolded, it highlighted the risks and hazards which accompanied the government’s commitment to industrial development. Tensions arose between veterinarians, government scientists, local government, media, and business interests.

A chemical double agent

While the use of inorganic poisons as pesticides stretches back to antiquity, large-scale use of organic pesticides is a 20th-century phenomenon. Fluoroacetamide is a toxic organic pesticide with nefarious origins.

A cartoon that appeared in Punch on February 12, 1964). PunchAuthor provided

The two world wars fostered a massive growth of the chemical industry, and fluoroacetamide was a pesticide that arose from the search for lethal chemical weapons. After the war it was approved for use as a poison for use against rodents and insects – it was not uncommon for the science, technology, institutions, and language of chemical warfare to be redirected to the problem of agricultural pest control during peacetime. But by the time of the Smarden incident in the early 1960s, the origin of these chemicals was seen as damning evidence of the perniciousness of the military-industrial complex and its impact on the environment.

READ MORE

https://theconversation.com/the-forgotten-story-of-how-a-toxic-spill-and-a-book-launched-britains-environmental-movement-72895


 

The Smarden (1080/1081) Poisoning, UK – 1963

by F.D.T. Good, M.R.C.V.S.
I live and practice in Tenterden near the village of Smarden in the Weald of Kent where
there is a small factory, which makes orchard sprays.
In January 1963, a man who worked at the factory brought a four-month old Labrador
puppy to my surgery. It was having convulsions and after treatment appeared to be
making an uneventful recovery. Two weeks later the puppy was brought back to the
surgery, together with its litter brother. Both were dead, having had fits earlier in the day.
The owner suspected poisoning and wanted a post mortem examination. I explained the
difficulties of this unless one knew what poison to suspect, and reluctantly he went away
not knowing what had killed his puppies which had been so well that morning.
On Benenden Fair Day, a Saturday in mid-May, I was called to GREAT OMENDEN FARM
where a client had lost five sheep suddenly. They were being loaded for sale. A few
minutes before they appeared normal and just sank to the ground and were dead. This
was a mile from the factory. The post-mortem examination revealed nothing of
significance to indicate the cause of death. I was baffled. The Veterinary Investigation
Centre at Wye had closed down for the weekend. A sixth sheep died at Benenden Fair and a seventh with the new owner at Rye. Sheep can die suddenly from a number of infectious diseases but there was no reason to suspect any of these.
The farm manager asked me whether I had heard about three of his neighbour’s cows,
which died a few days before. This was Mr. Jull and his sons Cyril and Norman at Roberts
Farm. It was a fine afternoon and this was my last visit of the day, so we took a walk along a stream, which ran through his neighbour’s land. We noticed that the further we went upstream, the less clear the water became. The vegetation in the ditches was black and dead. The stream originated alongside the factory, which made pesticides. The water on which the cattle and sheep depended for drinking water became suspected. Water
samples were collected and internal organs from the dead sheep were taken to the County Analytical Laboratory at Maidstone. Telephone calls to my neighbouring veterinary practice at Ashford established that they had been attending three cows at Roberts Farm. We were mystified. They knew the factory made methyl bromide, and one of the ponds smelt of bromide.
The following day, Sunday, I was called urgently to attend a goat at Limes Land Farm
which lay directly across the main road from the factory. This client used to work there
and I asked him what they made. Amongst the many pesticides he mentioned was
fluoroacetamide (1081), a rat poison. The goat was trembling and in a convulsive state.
She died a few hours later. Many meetings transpired between the Ashford veterinary practice, the factory manager and myself. Analytical test results bean to come through. Fluorides were present to the extent of 5 parts per million, but bromides were a hundred times more. Sulphuric acid was also present in the water. The sheep specimens revealed no chemicals of any significance. Testing of the ditches and ponds for bromides were carried out at intervals.
The acid had been neutralized by the factory management with washing soda and only
bromides appeared to remain. Testing for fluorides was abandoned in view of the alarming quantities of bromide present. The Kent River Board, responsible for the
prevention of pollution of watercourses was alerted. The factory manager told me that
fluoroacetamide could not possibly have got into the ditches, but he was able to account
for the bromides and acid. The black chemical residue from the manufacture of
fluoroacetamide had been pumped out onto the factory land for months and the Kent
River Board assured me that this could only be carried downwards into the soil.
All ditches and ponds on Great Omenden, Kelsham and Roberts Farms were fenced off to
prevent access by livestock. The remainder of the young Friesian herd on Roberts Farm
was kept under close observation by the Ashford veterinary surgeons. No more deaths
occurred and we felt a little easier. We had at least prevented further deaths. Mr. Lowe, the farmer at Great Omenden, also kept pigs, poultry and cattle, as well as two
pet dogs, one of them a sturdy and obedient foxhound. A month after the sheep deaths,
and after all acid had disappeared from his ponds and ditches, the foxhound was taken ill at night. I will use the housekeepers words:- “At 1 am he jumped onto my bed, a thing he never does…his eyes staring and big…trembling a little and teeth bared as he panted and seemed mad…I was frightened…I let him out of the bedroom and he fell downstairs…he stumbled out of doors and went onto the green…there he fell over, head bent backwards and his legs kicking as he gasped for air…a horrible noise from his throat as he breathed…his eyes were very big…then he got up, looking wildly around, then shot away and we did not see him again alive.”
His actions were suggestive of fearful hallucinations. The following morning he was
found drowned in a pond. A post-mortem examination in the forecourt of my surgery
showed only the signs of death from drowning, and the big meal he had eaten the evening before was undigested in his stomach. The owner could not accept my post-mortem certificate. What had caused the madness before he bolted away in terror? I explained this as being due to severe abdominal pain and colic. The dog had been out hunting the previous afternoon and given a big meal on his return that evening, when he was in an exhausted condition. Mr. Lowe was still not satisfied. He had lost sheep, his neighbour had lost cattle, this was still poisoning! But how could it be? The water analyses for acid and bromide were almost normal, and the bromides, if responsible, would only have a sedative effect and not one of stimulation. Doubt grew in my mind. The Veterinary Investigation Centre was not so concerned with dogs, and besides they would be reluctant to intervene as litigation might be involved. Meanwhile the cows at Roberts Farm were reported to be normal to the casual observer.
Cyril Jull knew their milk yields had fallen, they were less alert than usual, and they were easily tired. If made to hurry, they would stop and pant like a dog. A few calves, which were born strong and healthy, died in convulsions before they were a few hours old. Mr. Patterson, the Ministry Veterinary Surgeon at Wye was again pressed to come to our aid. Yes, he was willing to do so if we could tell him what poison to look for. The factory sold scores of pesticides, from the more complex chlorinated hydrocarbons, DDT,
Lindane, Parathion, down to the simpler copper, arsenic, zinc and sulphur ones. Was one
to start at the top of the list and work down, or try one’s luck with a pin? The de la Warr
Laboratories at Oxford offered me their help and in July a team of three visited Tenterden and took apparatus out to Roberts Farm. Within minutes of setting up their apparatus they diagnosed fluoroacetate (1080), much to the surprise of the farmer and myself.

READ MORE

https://fluorideinformationaustralia.files.wordpress.com/2013/01/fluoro-pesticides-the-smarden-1080-1081-poisoning-pdf.pdf

 

See also the BMJ peer-reviewed article:

Mishaps With Rat Poison,  British Medical Journal, Vol. 1, No. 5380 (Feb. 15, 1964), pp. 387-388 Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/25397402

SOURCE (cited with permission):

Poison Register Working Document

COPYRIGHT MATERIAL. WORKING DOCUMENT. Intellectual Property of Clean Green New Zealand Trust, Reg Charity no: CC54185. Collated by Dr Ursula Edgington, Michelle Terry, Clyde & Steve Graf, Kathy White and Sue Grey LLB (Hons), BSc, RSHDipPHI & other citizens.

New Zealand Register of Unintended human, stock, wildlife, dogs, native birds & aquatic life. and other poisoning incidents and deaths from aerial Compound 1080 & brodifacoum operations between 1954 and 2018. http://1080science.co.nz/

 

The government-owned lab, Asure Quality, that tests all the EU bound NZ honey, has no test for 1080

Note: it costs over $400 to test for 1080 the article points out … similarly when I last looked it cost over $500 to test for glyphosate. This of course makes it cost prohibitive for the average person. It is also quite bizarre given the tonnage of 1080 (4,000 pa) that is dropped on our ‘clean green’ (the pellets are green) country.


A TEST FOR 1080 POISON IN HONEY FOUND – BUT IS IT ANY USE ?

By Carol Sawyer

A couple of weeks ago I shared a comment from beekeeper David Brown of Kati Kati, Bay of Plenty. David said :

“Bees have an average foraging range of 3 km and many of us put our hives in or near the bush to collect the lovely bush honey. The bees not only collect the nectar, they also collect sap and resin extracted by the trees and surrounding foliage. They need water as well. ……

The 1080 dust will be collected and taken back to the hive as a food for their young larvae.

1080 that is taken up by the plants is taken back to the hive in the form of nectar and resin that will be converted into honey and propolis

The water has many uses throughout the hive.

Are we putting 1080 into our honey that we feed our kids ?

“Are we putting 1080 into propolis products, which it’s said has many healing and medical uses ?”

​I spoke to David Brown yesterday​ and he pointed out that beeswax products are also an issue.

It takes 7 gms of honey to make 1 gm of wax, he said, so if 1080 is present in the honey, the 1080 poison will be at 7 times greater concentration in the wax. We use beeswax to make lip balms, body lotions and cosmetics, and beeswax candles.

Another beekeeper who has long held concerns about 1080 in honey, Roy Arbon from Greymouth on the West Coast of the South Island, concurs with David Brown on this and, as he pointed out to me, beeswax candles are burnt in churches!

Roy Arbon has been trying to find out where he can get honey tested for 1080 residue. It has taken him three months and he says he has contacted every laboratory in the country. There are only five laboratories apparently. Even the government-owned lab, Asure Quality, has no test for 1080. (Interestingly, Roy tells me Asure Quality test all the NZ honey headed for the European Union.)

Eventually the government-owned Institute of Environmental Science and Research (ESR) put Roy onto another Crown research institute, Landcare Research, and they have a test for 1080 in honey.​ Roy says they can test for 1080 in honey down to 0.005mcgs per kg​. This costs $422 plus GST.

Scientist Sean Weaver, formerly of Victoria University, said in the film “Poisoning Paradise” that 1080 is an endocrine disruptor in parts per TRILLION.​

0.005 mcgs per kg is 5 parts per BILLION. Therefore they need to be measuring in parts per trillion to satisfactorily prove the honey is safe for human consumption.
“Endocrine disruptors are chemicals that can interfere with endocrine (or hormone) systems at certain doses. These disruptions can cause cancerous tumors, birth defects, and other developmental disorders. Any system in the body controlled by hormones can be derailed by hormone disruptors.” – Wikipedia

Surely the honey industry, as a whole, needs to look at this question seriously and demand to be notified well in advance of any 1080 drops in their area so they can move their hives. (1) I am sure there are many conscientious beekeepers who do just that, but it appears from a glance at comments on the NZ Beekeepers’ forum that quite a number are not aware of, or concerned about, the danger.

​(1) However, Roy Arbon says “most departments dropping 1080 do notify the beekeeper if the beekeeper has his hives registered under the American Foul Brood Pest Management Plan (AFB PMP) and everyone is supposed to”, but, he continues, where, for example, do you move 450 hives?!! Good question.

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Don Mac posted this comment in NZ Beekeepers Forum on April 23, 2015 :

“There has been a documented connection between 1080 and poisoning of bees. Back in 1988 ‘jam bait’ containing 1080 for possum control was used around the Te Kuiti area. Unknown to the manufacturer the supplier of the raw material used sugar in a batch that attracted bees who took it back to the hives. Inspection of honey comb showed green cells from the dye used in the jam bait to prevent birds eating it.

“Wallaceville testing found 2.2mg/kg of 1080 in the green honey, but were unable to find the 1080 in the dead bees”. Pictures from John Bassett, retired beekeeper from the Te Kuiti area.

Today no sugar or sweeteners are used in vertebrate toxic baits for rats, possums and mustelids .”

( Link here – https://www.nzbees.net/…/5652-whats-the-connection-between…/ )

Don Mac has been incorrectly informed. I spoke to Bill Simmons, Sales and Marketing Executive, Animal Control Products, Whanganui, a year ago. ( ACP , now trading as Orillion, is the government-owned factory that produces NZ’s 1080 baits and other poison products). He assured me sweeteners are still used in 1080 baits. “How else would we attract possums ?! ” he said. He wouldn’t tell me the exact sugar percentage but said, cryptically, that it was in two figures and it wasn’t a three – which means, I presume, that the baits are between 20% and 30% sugar and will therefore be attractive to bees.

ACP ( trading as Orillion ) safety data sheets state :

(a)0.04% 1080 PELLETS
(b)0.08% 1080 RODENT PELLETS
(c)0.08% 1080 PELLETS
(d)0.10% 1080 FERAL CAT BAIT
(e)0.15% 1080 PELLETS
(f )0.2% 1080 PELLETS

Synonyms: 1080 pellets
Active Ingredient: Sodium fluoroacetate 0.04% -0.2%
Other Ingredients:
(a, b, c, e, f) Cereals, sugars and binders
(d) Fishmeal, fish oil and binder

So you can see they mention sugars.

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“Hungry Bees 1080 Poison Risk to New Zealand Honey Says DoC” – Film by The Graf Boys

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PQVj1mcBEPw

SOURCE

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Below are the photographs Don Mac mentions, plus photos of beehives near 1080 poison signs in various parts of the country – Ruapuke, Kaikoura, Collingwood and Coromandel.

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