Category Archives: Poison

Storing a Class 1A Ecotoxin safely: Why was a quantity of 1080 sufficient to kill 54,000 adult humans stored in a South Is flood-prone shed that subsequently flooded?

1080 STORAGE SHED FLOODED – WHY HAVE WE NOT HEARD ABOUT THIS?

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On 25 and 26 March, 2019, extremely severe rainfall caused extensive flooding on the West Coast of the South Island. The bridge over the Waiho River at Franz Josef was swept away., and the State Highway, the only access road up the Coast, cut in two.

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Further south, on the banks of the Okuru River just south of Haast, is Nolan Road, home to members of the Nolan family and JJ Nolan, owner of ‘JJ Nolan’s Transport Ltd’. JJ Nolan’s transport has, for very many years, transported 1080 poison baits south from Whanganui to the South Island, to Haast, Makarora, etc. … to 1080 drop loading zones, or to Northern Southland Transport in Te Anau, who then move it on to 1080 drop loading zones, etc. Nolan trucks are travelling south from Whanganui right now, in fact. They are part of the big 1080 Gravy Train.

On Nolan Road, Okuru, is a shed used for storing 1080 poison baits. This latest flood swept through the properties pictured above in the aerial photograph, including, I am told, the 1080 storage shed. It is rumoured the shed contained at least 25 tonnes of 1080 baits at the time. As you can see (photo slide show below), this four bay shed could hold a large amount of 1080 poison baits. 25 tonnes is only approximately one truck and trailer unit. You can see a truck and trailer curtain-sider beside the storage shed, which gives you some idea. Only half the depth of the storage shed is visible in the street view photos, by the way.

(The photos were taken completely legally from Nolan Road, which is a public road. The closed area sign at Nolan Creek refers to white baiting.)

Floods in this area are not new. Here is a video of a massive flood in the Haast area in 1994;

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=c_Zsjsgx1t8

Why, then,would you build a 1080 storage shed in a flood-prone area?! Why did DoC give this contractor permission to store 1080 baits here?​ The first aerial photo above shows old river courses (marked with red dotted lines)! This is not a place one should even store chook food!!​

The first property you come to on Nolan Road belongs to Maurice and Kathleen Nolan I am told by a number of people. In the Otago Daily Times (8 April, 2019), it is reported of this house:

“Wild weather lashed the West Coast last month, forcing the postponement of the calf sale for a week – and flooding Mr and Mrs Nolan’s house, the water reaching over the top of their dining room chairs”.

TVOne News apparently reported a cottage on the next property along (the one with the storage shed on it) as being destroyed by the flood, too.

I am told the occupiers of all three of these properties had to move to the local camping ground after the flood.

The photos show the property with the 1080 storage shed and also show you Nolan Creek, a bit further along the road, to give you some idea of flood damage.

The high flood level is evident from the grass hanging on the fence and the silage plastic wrapped around the top of the fence in front of the 1080 storage shed.

If it is true, as rumoured, that the shed contained a minimum of 25 tonnes of 1080 baits at the time, I should explain to you how very lethal this is :

25 tonnes of 1080 baits contain 37.5 kgs of pure 1080.

The LD50 for a human being: “Based on fatal or near-fatal cases of human poisonings, the dangerous dose for humans is 0.5-2.0 mg/kg BW (Negherbon 1959)”

If we take the lowest figure that means that 35mgs can kill a 70 kg adult human being.

Therefore 25 tonnes contains enough pure 1080 to kill as many as 54,000 people and poison another 54,000.

SHOULD ENOUGH 1080 TO KILL 54,000 ADULT HUMANS BE STORED IN A FLOOD-PRONE SHED?!!!!!

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Photos :
Streetviews – Joel Lund
Captions and graphics on aerial views – Richard Healey
Photos of flooded fenceposts on drive of first Nolan property – sent to me anonymously.
‘JJ Nolan’ truck at aerial 1080 drop, Makarora – February, 2017 – Carol Sawyer

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Richard Healey comments on this information :

“Hmmm… that shed is likely to have standard 6m bays, but lets be conservative and say 5m. That makes the height to the top of the doors a bit over 4m. The shed is 70% as deep as it is wide so 14m.
That makes the volume somewhere around 1,100 cubic metres. If you were to fill that to the top with wheat that would be 870 Tonne so 25T would take up about 1/32 of the space. I’m picking that bait doesn’t pack anywhere as well as wheat but it does show just how much 1080 bait you could stack in there.
At 0.15% pure 1080, and assuming that bait is 60% as dense as wheat, that’s a maximum of 783kg of highly water soluble toxin in a tanalised-post farm shed, on a flood plain, with no bunding or other containment measures. Even if it’s near the rumoured 25T that would amount to more than 37kg of pure 1080. Who issued the permit for that storage?!”

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(1) Studies reported in the ERMA Reassessment of 1080 in 2007 showed that 1080 leached readily out of baits that were made wet by sprinklers:

“rapid decline [in 1080 concentration in cereal baits on turf under sprinklers] (ERMA Agency Appendix C page 380)

“1080 was detected in soil under the baits after 20mm rain, reaching a maximum after 100mm and close to the LOD after 250 mm” (ERMA Agency Appendix C page 381)

Also one of the reasons for its low rate of detection in water samples taken after 1080 drops was rapid loss of 1080 from the baits in water:

“the reason for so many non-detects in water monitoring..may be partly due to..rapid..dilution or loss of 1080 from, and disintegration of..baits within the first 12 hours of deposition..the author [Suren, 2006] recommends sampling within 4-8 hours..frequently resource consents require monitoring one day or more after..the operation” ERMA Agency Appendix E page 473″S

(2) Richard Healey comments again :

“There have been a couple of studies that give some clues about what happens to the 1080 when it comes into contact with water. Ogilvie, in “Uptake of 1080 by Watercress and Puha – Culturally Important plants used for food”, has a couple of observations that give a clue as to how contaminated the land around the Okuru will now be:
“A study by Suren (2006) examined the fate of 1080 baits in a controlled laboratory flow tank, and found 50% of the 1080 leached after 5 hours submerged in the water, and >90% leached after 24 hours, thus being very rapid. While the flow rate used in Suren’s (2006) controlled experiment was faster than the flow rates recorded here (0.2 L/sec as opposed to an overall stream flow of 0.042 – 0.044 L/sec in this research), it still indicates the rapid deterioration and leaching of 1080 from baits submerged in flowing water”.

That study also shows that Watercress is particularly good at sucking 1080 out of water and concentrating it in plant material. The authors couldn’t find detectable levels of 1080 in water 14 hours after dropping baits into a very gentle stream, yet toxicity within the plants continued to build for the next seven days to a peak level of 63 ppb. The study methodology and reporting are however woeful.

It doesn’t seem to have occurred to the authors that water velocity is likely to be an important factor and so they give flow rates (for an undefined cross-section) which tells us nothing about how much water passed over each bait. They then confuse the issue by labeling flow rate as velocity.

One thing is absolutely certain however, someone should be checking the inventory log for that shed and sampling the hell out of the surrounding area.”

SOURCE: https://www.facebook.com/groups/1174446982637285/?multi_permalinks=2214282398653733&notif_id=1555472535603152&notif_t=group_activity

 

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Poisoning as a method of pest control in mega-mast years simply creates an imbalance in the ecosystem giving an advantage to the meso-predator – from a Regional Councilor

By Kathy White

This is what I have to say about the mega-mast year, and the need to drop more 1080, as profiled in the media recently…

“The Department of Conservation (DOC) is planning its largest predator control programme in response to a ‘mega mast’ event – exceptionally heavy seeding – in New Zealand forests. The $38 million programme will cover about 1 million hectares of conservation land across the country…”  (Stuff)

All the following quotes have come from DoC or Landcare Research scientists. If there’s a problem with rats, DoC, OSPRI, regional councils and pest control contractors have no one to blame but themselves for using a pest control method that creates imbalance in the ecosystem and which gives an advantage to the meso-predator that breeds fastest.

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OSPRI admits to killing 92% of deer at Molesworth Stn in an aerial 1080 drop

It’s nice to see OSPRI – a govt department and poisoning agency – declare that 92% of deer were poisoned in a recent aerial operation across part of Molesworth Station, situated in the South Island.

However, the comment in the news item that states that more deer die in open areas than in the forests following 1080 poison drops, is incorrect. Deer in poisoned forests die in high numbers following the operations, as we have proven over the last 13 years of filming poison drops. The baits are cast all across the forests and waterways, and the deer are more likely to be poisoned in the forests because the baits offer a more easy meal. Deer in more open terrain have more access to grass, their favourite food, so are better nourished. In any case, the poison bait is an attractive cereal food that most animals and many birds love to eat.
Less than 2 x standard sized baits can kill a deer, and just 2 and a half baits can kill a 400 kilo cattle beast (research presented here … https://youtu.be/9EmNIR1iBrk ) And according to our Govt-owned poison factory, just 1 x standard sized bait may kill a child.

When we investigate poison drops in heavy forests, the deer kill rate is estimated to be between 75 – 95%, depending whether the operation is the first – a virgin drop – or a repeated, on-going poisoning program.

Here’s the declaration about the deer poisoned at Molesworth Station. Good on OSPRI for being honest about it, it makes a pleasant change … https://www.odt.co.nz/…/1080-drop-wiped-out-deer-nzs-larges…

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Molesworth Station, Sth Island NZ …  Photo: Wikipedia

 

1080 drop wiped out deer on NZ’s largest farm

Officials have confirmed that about 90 percent of deer on a block on New Zealand’s largest farm were killed during a 1080 poison drop targeting possums.

The drop was carried out by TBFree NZ in October 2017 over a 62,000ha block on Department of Conservation-owned Molesworth Station, as part of a nine-year programme to eradicate bovine tuberculosis (TB).

Eight helicopters using GPS dropped toxic bait at 2kg/ha over the station, but the operation was halted when scores of red deer were found to have been killed.

Ospri, the Government-backed company that DoC permits to run pest control operations on public conservation land, later commissioned an aerial survey in February last year to compare deer abundance on a similar-sized block nearby that wasn’t poisoned.

That revealed deer abundance was 88 percent lower in the poisoned area.

Another survey, carried out by Manaaki Whenua-Landcare Research last month, found there had only been a slight increase in deer numbers, and that it could take six to eight years before the population fully recovered.

The mass by-kill horrified opponents to 1080 and deer hunters alike.

Experienced helicopter pilot Bill Hales, who has 40 years’ experience as a wild animal recovery operator, earlier told the Herald the drop was a “crying shame of a wasted resource”.

“Why not let us guys in there for three months before you have a poison drop and harvest the product? Why waste the resource?”

Today, Ospri chief operating officer Matthew Hall maintained the use of 1080 for large scale pest control operations was still currently the most effective tool to achieve the company’s TB eradication goals.

“Our work also has biodiversity benefits by reducing possum, rat and stoat numbers.”

“Recognising that there can sometimes be a significant deer by-kill from pest control operations, Ospri is working with industry partners to develop improved deer repellent baits.”

The company was trialling two new repellents in the hope that they’ll be more effective and available for operations to treat the remaining TB risk areas of the 180,000ha station.

“It is important to note that the by-kill was higher in the open terrain of Molesworth than in a heavily forested region like the West Coast.”

Ospri, which manages the TBfree eradication programme, conducted the possum control operation to interrupt the TB infection cycle on the station.

Despite the successful interventions in the wider region, TB-infected wildlife remains present on Molesworth and adjoining properties, and represented an infection risk for the cattle farmed there.

The station had the longest continuous TB-infected cattle herd in the country.

The project to clear infection on the station was seen as pivotal to eradicating bovine TB and reducing the impact of the disease on New Zealand’s meat and dairy exports.

TB eradication in Molesworth was expected in 2026.

The newly-released figures come after the SPCA initially called for a ban on 1080, saying it was “deeply concerned” over its use, before changing its position and acknowledging there was a “a need for population control of some species”.

Monitoring data by the Department of Conservation has shown that aerial 1080 operations were effective at protecting under-threat native species and restoring forests.

Scientific data collected over more than 60 years had confirmed that, when used in accordance with New Zealand regulations, 1080 presented little risk to humans or the environment, and left no permanent or accumulative residue in water, soil, plants or animals.

However, DoC acknowledged 1080 posed risks to dogs, livestock, deer and pigs if they were in poisoned areas.

SOURCE

https://www.odt.co.nz/rural-life/rural-life-other/1080-drop-wiped-out-deer-nzs-largest-farm?fbclid=IwAR21mj32AYCd-YZbPLYuyNYw3BVTaeoYbbNdv3JOVF0sLEf6vg_onGb-stQ

 

 

Photo Credit, Molesworth Station: wikipedia

Pest control is big business: 1080, the curious trail of sourcing, manufacture & investment

By Carol Sawyer

1080 POISON/BAIT MANUFACTURE – TULL, ORILLION & PEST CONTROL RESEARCH LTD & 1080 USE … DoC IS ONLY HALF THE PROBLEM!

Newly confirmed information – Orillion’s sales of 1080 baits comprise:

To DoC – 30 to 50% per annum
To Ospri/TBfree – 20 to 30% per annum
To Regional Government – Up to 10% per annum

Predator Free NZ, Zero Invasive Predators (ZIP), (and maybe the Island Eradication Group) account for the rest it seems.

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ORILLION ANIMAL CONTROL PRODUCTS WHANGANUI

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3) Orillion/ Animal Control Products Ltd, 408 Heads Road, Whanganui

On 9 April, 2019, Claire Ogilvy sent this OIA request to the state-owned factory in Whanganui that makes 1080 baits, Animal Control Products Ltd, trading as ‘Orillion’:

“Can I please get an official response to the following questions:

Where does Animal Control Products Limited currently source the Compound 1080 used in bait manufacture? Are Connell Brothers Ltd still the distributors? If not, who is?

Does Animal Control Products Limited manufacture Compound 1080 itself, or has it ever manufactured Compound 1080 itself, in New Zealand, or had it manufactured on behalf Animal Control Products Limited by any other manufacturer or entity?

How much contingency stock do you hold?”

The very prompt reply is attached.

(If only government departments were so quick to respond, but they usually make us wait to the limit, 20 working days, and then add some.)

This reply engendered further questions… (see screenshots 5 through 8 below).

To me, some of the most important information to come out of the correspondence is this. Why? Because everyone focuses on the Dept of Conservation and what these figures tell us are that DoC is only half the problem!

Orillion’s sales of 1080 baits comprise :

To DoC – 30 to 50% per annum
To Ospri – 20 to 30% per annum
To Regional government – Up to 10% per annum

Presumably Predator Free NZ, Zero Invasive Predators (ZIP), and maybe the Island Eradication Group account for the rest.

5. Tull
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6. Tull
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7. Tull..
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8. Tull..
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(5,6,7,8) OIA correspondence with Orillion

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PEST CONTROL RESEARCH LTD. ROLLESTON

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4) Pest Control Research Ltd, 8 Centrum Lane, Izone Business Park, Rolleston

As well as ACP Ltd/Orillion, there is a factory in Rolleston, near Christchurch, Pest Control Research Ltd/Kiwicare Corporation, that has been manufacturing 1080 baits since mid-2018, when it finally received consent to produce them. Up until that time it had only been making the non-toxic ‘prefeed’ baits.

The Dept of Conservation is now sourcing 50% of its 1080 baits for its ‘Battle For Our Birds’ programme from PCR Ltd, and the other 50% from Orillion.

PCR Ltd (Rolleston) is 49% owned by the West Coast Regional Council and 51% owned by Pest Control Investors Ltd.

Pest Control Investors Ltd has one shareholder, Kumara Trustee Ltd.

Kumara Trustee Ltd has one shareholder, Pest Control Investors Ltd.!

So the investors are well hidden and we do not (at this stage) know who they are.

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The attached response from Animal Control Products Ltd (Orillion) is puzzling in one regard. The correspondent, John ?, says:

“1080 technical grade material has never been made on a commercial scale in New Zealand and Orillion has never been involved in the manufacture of the compound in New Zealand or internationally”

How, then, does this tie in with the written answers to questions from former Green Party leader Jeanette Fitzsimons by Jim Sutton, NZ Parliament, November 2002, where he appears to state pure 1080 was made in NZ – at the very least between 1998 and 2002!? (See below).

10. JEANETTE FITZSIMMONS

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It seems clear that, unlike Orillion, the Rolleston factory, Pest Control Research Ltd, is not sourcing its pure 1080 poison from Tull Chemical Co, Oxford, Alabama.

Not only does John ? (ACP Ltd) say today
“We are unaware as to where the source of 1080 for our competitor PCR originates from although China most likely has capability to manufacture” … 

but a reliable source of my own wrote a few days ago”
“Rumours suggest China. There is no way to find out. MPI know but won’t tell, despite Orillion’s source having been widely published by government agencies and others. Questions probably need to be asked.”

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Snippets:

CONNELL BROS INFORMATION

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9) Connell Bros information

1) Here FYI is the Connell Brothers website. They import the pure 1080 into New Zealand from Alabama :

https://www.connellworld.com/locations/new-zealand/

(See screenshot above).

TULL CHEMICAL CO. OXFORD, ALABAMA

1. AERIAL PIC TULL
1) An aerial photo of the Tull Chemical Co in Oxford, Alabama
2. TULL CHEMICAL FACTORY
2) Tull Chemical Co, Oxford, Alabama

2) We know from Mandy Ram, a Kiwi living in the USA, that Tull Chemical Co, Oxford, Alabama, (Orillion’s supplier), sources the chemicals used to manufacture its pure 1080 poison from China, and that the last shipment of chemicals they received was in January, 2019.

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PHOTOS:

1) An aerial photo of the Tull Chemical Co in Oxford, Alabama
2) Tull Chemical Co, Oxford, Alabama
3) Orillion/ Animal Control Products Ltd, 408 Heads Road, Whanganui
4) Pest Control Research Ltd, 8 Centrum Lane, Izone Business Park, Rolleston
5,6,7,8) OIA correspondence with Orillion
9) Connell Bros information
10,11) Answers to written questions to NZ Parliament by former Green Party leader, Jeanette Fitzsimons, re manufacture of 1080 poison in NZ.

PS I am not attaching all the photos in this email – just the screenshots of the correspondence. “Tull 4” was sent after the first reply ( Tull One ), so they are not in order:

The controversial Tull Chemical Co in Alabama US, suppliers of pure 1080 to NZ is not closed as claimed

By Carol Sawyer

TULL CHEMICAL CO, OXFORD, ALABAMA IS STILL OPEN

There has been a lot of speculation about this in the past six months.

Mandy Ram, a Kiwi living in the USA, rang the factory today ( last night, NZ time ). The owner, Charles Wigley, answered. She asked him if Tull is still supplying NZ with pure 1080. He told her …

“I know they are making baits”. She asked where the chemicals were coming from and he said “I have to go”

… and hung up.

I rang myself just now. I got an answer phone. I realized afterwards that it was 6.00 pm in the evening there, so they will be closed. However the answer phone message was :

“You’ve reached the Tull Chemical Company. We are not able to take your call at this time. If you leave your name, contact number, and a brief message, we’ll be happy to return your call as soon as possible”.

I didn’t bother. Doesn’t sound like a “closed” company to me !

In early August, 2018, No to 1080 Use in NZ received a response to an OIA request to the NZ government. The relevant answer is attached, which says we still source our pure 1080 poison from the USA.

The Google business directory still lists Tull Chemical Co as open. However in mid-August, 2018, I received a screenshot from another friend in the USA which showed it as ” permanently closed”. (I have attached this for your interest).

As well as this, if you go to Tull Chemical Co in the Google business directory and click on photos, one of the photos is of a child in a paddling pool. Someone is playing “silly buggers”.

BUT, Tull Chemical Company, Oxford, Alabama, USA is still open for business it seems. The address is listed as 130 Burton St. The sign on the fence says 327 Burton St.

Burton St is a very short street running off Williams St, and there are no other buildings on it.

I couldn’t get Google Earth to send me screenshots today, but I took photographs myself… looking down Burton St to the factory.

Please note the sign at the start of the street which says “FLOOD AREA” and bear in mind this factory has been producing around 5 tons of pure 1080 per annum. In 2004 and 2015, owner Charles Wigley said he “makes as much as 5 tons of pure poison annually, with most of it being exported to New Zealand.”

In an article by Jay Reeves, 2004, Wigley said :

“….he follows the law and laces his poison with black dye that would show up if the chemical, an organic compound, got into either floodwaters in the neighborhood or – if used by terrorists – a public water reservoir.”

The problem is he doesn’t/didn’t dye the poison scheduled for NZ at all.. it is reportedly white. (Be a bit hard to dye it green if it was already black!)

I have also, for your interest, taken photos to left and right, looking down Williams St from the start of Burton St.

Note Monsanto link : “Tull Allen, Wigley’s grandfather, started Tull Chemical in 1956 after purchasing the process to make Compound 1080 from Monsanto Co., which had made the poison at a nearby plant that later became infamous for polluting Oxford and nearby Anniston with PCBs, or polychlorinated biphenyls.” – Jay Reeves, South Wire, 2004

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Did you know that the origin of 1080 poison traces all the way back to Monsanto? The corporation also linked to Agent Orange

Yes commonly referred to as the most evil corporation on the planet, recently morphed (not gone really) into Bayer & currently facing law suits about cancer-causing glyphosate found in Roundup. Then into the mix we have the Tull company that bought the patent for 1080 which is known for selling its product to NZ that has been using it to make the Class 1A ecotoxin now slathered all over its forests AND waterways with impunity, to control its pest population …  more recently revealed, to expunge all non native species … for nigh on 50+ years and doesn’t appear to be working.

(There’s a further article to come from Carol Sawyer on the curious trail regarding the apparent closure of the Tull factory & subsequent sourcing of the raw product to make 1080 pellets by the two NZ factories).


By Carol Sawyer

THE LINK BETWEEN MONSANTO, TULL CHEMICAL COMPANY, AND 1080 POISON

Anniston, Alabama is only four miles from Oxford, home of the 1080 factory, Tull Chemical Co.

Monsanto transferred the patent for Compound 1080 to Tull Chemical Co in Oxford in 1955.

Tull Chemical Company’s current owner is Charles Wigley. Tull Allen, Wigley’s grandfather, started the Tull Chemical Company in 1956 after purchasing the process to make Compound 1080 from Monsanto.

Anniston was the home of Monsanto’s PCB factory. “People in Anniston didn’t want to accept it but in 1995 soil tests showed PCB levels higher than they had ever been recorded. Pediatricians at the local clinic reported babies with extremely rare birth defects that could not be explained. “We lead the state in birth defects”, reports Dr. Angela Martin. (Hulen, 2003)”.

The Tull Chemical Company in Oxford, Alabama is the only legal producer of Compound 1080 in the U.S.A. It is a small, family-owned business that has been making this toxin for decades. Most of the Compound 1080 is exported to New Zealand.


Read more on the Tull, Monsanto, 1080 link, and further down, an article on the destruction wrought by Monsanto on populations living and working amidst the known risks (by the manufacturers ie) of these deadly poisons. An echo of similar that went on with the Dow factory in NZ’s New Plymouth. And who could forget the Agent Orange carnage? Birth defects are one of the most heinous outcomes for exposure to their poisons, a factor highlighted regarding 1080  in NZ by the late Dr Peter Scanlon who told us there aren’t any studies proving the safety of 1080 in this respect.  He said …“It is astounding that no−one has done any research on the effects of sub−lethal doses of 1080 episodic exposures on developing human and non−human brains, given the fact, that 1080 is a known brain or central nervous system toxin!”
You can listen to Dr Scanlon at this link HERE.

RELATED: IN 2009 TWO MIDWIVES URGED THEIR PREGNANT PATIENTS TO LEAVE TOWN BEFORE A 1080 DROP – HEAR THE LATE DR SCANLON SPEAK ON THE LACK OF RESEARCH ON THE POTENTIAL RISKS TO THE UNBORN


 

From the Washington Post:

Maker of Lethal Chemical Fights a Ban

December 19, 2004

The small factory at the end of Burton Street does not look like much from the outside, but its product is getting attention from Washington to the other side of the world.

Virtually unknown outside the neighborhood where it has been operating since the late 1950s, Tull Chemical Co. is the only known producer of Compound 1080, developed as a rat poison in German-occupied territories during World War II. Once banned in the United States, a teaspoonful could kill dozens.

Compound 1080 is used only sparingly in the United States but more widely in New Zealand to control outdoor predators and pests. Animal welfare groups and other environmentalists say it should again be outlawed because it kills too indiscriminately.

Rep. Peter A. DeFazio (D-Ore.) has asked the Department of Homeland Security to ban production of the odorless, tasteless poison for another reason: the belief by the FBI and others that Compound 1080 — the most toxic pesticide registered by the World Health Organization — could be used by terrorists to poison U.S. water supplies. There is no known antidote.

Trying to hold on to a business started by his grandfather, Tull Chemical owner Charles Wigley defends his product as safe when used properly. Other chemicals could be just as deadly in the hands of terrorists, he argues, and someone else could start making the poison.

Besides, unknown quantities of the poison could be stored around the United States from decades ago, before production was regulated.

“If they shut me down, it’s not like it’s going to just go away,” Wigley said.

Homeland Security spokeswoman Valerie Smith said the agency is reviewing Compound 1080, but it lacks the authority to ban production.

DeFazio previously asked the Environmental Protection Agency to shut down Tull Chemical because of safety problems at the company and the danger of its product, but officials refused. Neighbors of the factory were not surprised.

Lea Cheatwood has lived about 150 yards from Tull Chemical for decades, but she did not know what the company made until the early 1990s, when a neighbor obtained a copy of an EPA audit that cited numerous safety problems at the small plant, about 50 miles east of Birmingham.

Since then, Cheatwood has spent hours watching the plant and keeping logs that document truck traffic from the site, located in a city of about 15,000 people. Cheatwood said local, state and federal officials all have ignored complaints that the company transports deadly chemicals in unmarked trucks, has virtually no security and sits on the bank of a creek that regularly floods.

“They all just say it’s not in their jurisdiction,” Cheatwood said. “It’s an extremely dangerous product, and it worries me it’s made in my neighborhood.”

Wigley said he follows the law and laces his poison with black dye that would show up if the chemical, an organic compound, got into floodwaters in the neighborhood or — if used by terrorists — a public water reservoir.

“I haven’t been contacted by Homeland Security, but EPA visits a couple of times a year,” Wigley said. He accused Rep. DeFazio of trying to make a name for himself with environmentalists by seeking the ban on Compound 1080.

“He’s talking about shutting down a plant in Alabama. They’re against outsourcing jobs, but he’s talking about outsourcing mine,” Wigley said.

Tull Allen, Wigley’s grandfather, started Tull Chemical in 1956 after purchasing the process to make Compound 1080 from Monsanto Co., which had made the poison at a nearby plant that later became infamous for polluting Oxford and nearby Anniston with PCBs, or polychlorinated biphenyls.

Compound 1080 originally was developed as a rat poison in Nazi-controlled territory in the 1940s, and some research indicates that the Nazis considered using it to kill people in Holocaust death camps before deciding it was too dangerous for guards, said Brooks Fahy, executive director of the Oregon-based Predator Defense, which wants the poison outlawed.

The recipe made it to the United States, where the poison was used on rats and then at livestock ranches to kill coyotes and other predators.

Faced with complaints that the chemical was also killing eagles and other animals, the Nixon administration in 1972 banned the use of Compound 1080 for livestock protection. The Reagan administration reversed course in 1981, and the EPA said the poison could be registered for limited domestic use in poison-laced collars worn by sheep.

Government records show Tull Chemical closed for several years in the mid-1980s as the government considered whether to allow continued production of Compound 1080, but Wigley later reopened it. He reinforced the buildings and installed a chain-link fence topped by barbed wire after an EPA review noted inadequate security and other problems.

Wigley said he makes as much as five tons of the poison annually, with most of it being exported to New Zealand. He said his only U.S. customer is the Department of Agriculture, which said it uses less than four tablespoons of Compound 1080 annually in sheep collars. The collars kill coyotes by poisoning them when they bite an animal’s throat.

The poison collars are used in nine states, but the government said they only kill a couple dozen coyotes annually. It was once used in California, but voters there in 1998 approved a ballot resolution banning the use of Compound 1080 and another poison, sodium cyanide.

Environmentalists in New Zealand oppose the use of Compound 1080, which they claim kills slowly and painfully and can poison animals that feed on carcasses of its victims. Their protests are echoed in the United States by groups including Predator Defense, which got DeFazio involved in the issue.

Fahy has twice visited Oxford to gather information about Tull Chemical and Compound 1080.

“It’s so dangerous, there’s no legitimate use for it,” he said. “It is beyond belief that this place is operating and operating where it is.”

A locked gate blocks the entrance to Tull Chemical in Oxford, Ala., the only manufacturer of Compound 1080, a deadly poison opponents say poses terrorism and environmental risks.

SOURCE:

https://www.washingtonpost.com/archive/politics/2004/12/19/maker-of-lethal-chemical-fights-a-ban/f4103ea0-4390-4c34-8929-2ef667f570a2/?fbclid=IwAR1cY6PmXTGR5QKrQ7Qbnrq2LKCY7MCCpGpr8b5HLNiV8MCEqF4dORWKbZ8&noredirect=on&utm_term=.c02a9e3d51a9

RELATED:

COMPELLING PHOTOS REVEAL THE LEGACY OF AMERICA’S MOST HATED CORPORATION

For nearly 40 years, while producing the now-banned industrial coolants known as PCBs at a local factory, Monsanto Co. routinely discharged toxic waste into a west Anniston creek and dumped millions of pounds of PCBs into oozing open-pit landfills. Thousands of pages of Monsanto documents – many emblazoned with warnings such as “CONFIDENTIAL: Read and Destroy” – show that for decades, the corporate giant concealed what it did and what it knew.

https://www.featureshoot.com/2014/09/compelling-photos-reveal-legacy-americas-hated-corporation/?fbclid=IwAR317Z4KMc5382Ef_whVhEGRXg1ZCSJRSP8Ztw2cOS7v5qLkiybuUXtpj1Y


 

If you are new to NZ’s 1080 poisoning program here is a good article to start with …

WHY ARE PEOPLE SO CONCERNED ABOUT 1080?

A must watch also is Poisoning Paradise, the doco made by the GrafBoys (banned from screening on NZ TV, yet a 4x international award winner). Their website is tv-wild.com. Their doco is a very comprehensive overview with the independent science to illustrate the question marks that remain over the use of this poison. There are links also on our1080 resources page to most of the groups, pages, sites etc that will provide you with further information to make your own informed decision on this matter.

If you are pro poisoning of the environment, sorry but EnvirowatchRangitikei is not the place to espouse your opinions. Mainstream would be the place to air those. This is a venue for sharing the independent science you won’t of course find there.

Photos: Wikipedia (military spraying) & screen shot (1080 aerial drop) from GrafBoys’ video

“No funds” for pre 1080 drop possum monitoring at Timaru Creek yet OSPRI can still claim they’ve killed 97% of the population

DEER ARE NOT POSSUMS! 95% OF THE DEER WERE KILLED BY 1080 POISON AT TIMARU CREEK, LAKE HAWEA

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Yesterday, in a Stuff article by Will Harvie, (link at end) we were told:

“At Timaru Creek near Lake Hawea, deer mortality” (from 1080) “was 90-95 per cent.”

On 20 June, 2018, the Timaru Creek area beside Lake Hawea, Central Otago, was aerially poisoned with approximately 10 tonnes of 1080 poison baits, over a 6,825 ha area.

Approximately 40% of the area was to receive poison baits coated in deer repellent, we were told by OSPRI/TBfree at the time. Presumably this happened as Will Harvie goes on to say the deer kill was “50-62 per cent when deer repellent was added to the 1080 bait”

There was NO justification for this 1080 poison drop. It was ostensibly to kill POSSUMS. No pre-drop possum monitoring was done.

OSPRI’s poison “justification” was 5 pigs killed in 2016 near Stodys Hut (the edge of the drop zone) having Tb, and a ferret killed in 2016, 5 kms from the drop zone, and found to have Tb. ( OSPRI said, in its published justifications for the drop, that the ferret was in the drop zone, and then later admitted in response to an OIA request that it was 5 kms from the drop zone.)

NO possums were found to have Tb. Mind you there is absolutely zero empirical scientific evidence to show that possums give bovine Tb to cattle, anyway!!

There are no Tb-infected herds for hundreds of kilometres in any direction.. OSPRI said at the time they don’t have funds to monitor possum numbers before a drop, only money to monitor them afterwards! They said they “assumed” there were enough possums in the drop zone to warrant an aerial 1080 drop !!!!

However despite this, at a recent Upper Clutha Deerstalkers’ Assn meeting, 21 March, 2019, OSPRI Operations Extension officer, Jennifer Lawn stated 97% of the possums in the area had been killed by the 1080 drop. Remember there was NO pre-drop monitoring done ! How, then, can she know this ?

*****************************************************

Is 90%+ deer-kill the “new normal” for 1080 drops ?

On 27 March, 2019, officials confirmed 92% of deer were killed at Molesworth Station in a 2017 1080-drop to kill possums.

Now we have officials confirming 90 to 95% deer killed at Timaru Creek in a 2018 1080-drop to kill possums.

Do you think they have forgotten deer are not possums ?

https://www.stuff.co.nz/…/toxin-1080-killed-90-per-cent-of-…

Photos :

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The map of the drop zone, outlined in red. The yellow area was supposed to have had deer-repellent added to the 1080 baits – so it would only kill 60% of the deer ! – Map from OSPRI

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The drop zone at Timaru Creek itself, and looking across at the area from the shores of Lake Hawea – Photos Carol Sawyer

OSPRI finally admits it killed 92% of Molesworth Stn’s deer in 2017 with 1080 poison intended for possums (an estimated 4,000 deer)

Molesworth Station in the South Island, is a publicly owned park managed by NZ’s Department of Conservation…

“…up to 4,000 deer were killed in that one 1080 operation!! …

IT SHOULD BE REMEMBERED THAT THIS AERIAL POISON OPERATION WAS TO KILL POSSUMS – NOT DEER !

It should also be remembered that pigs, goats, and birds were killed in unknown numbers at Molesworth as well. Insects feeding on poisoned carcasses are killed. Birds are killed when they feed on carcasses ( hawks, falcons ), on poisoned insects, (owls and the smaller insectivores) or on the baits themselves.”

 

By Carol Sawyer

Eight helicopters dropped toxic 1080 bait at 2kg/ha on a 61,200ha area in late October, 2017. This iconic high-country station is owned by the people of New Zealand and is a recreation reserve managed by the Department of Conservation.

Molesworth Station is a massive 180,787 ha and a further two aerial 1080 drops (ca. 60,000 ha each) were planned. These were deferred “after the initial possum control operation [in] 2017 killed more deer than expected” an Ospri spokesman told the NZ Herald, 17 August, 2018

A hunters’ survey at the time, of approx. 10% of the 61,200 ha poisoned area, reported 345 dead deer – whole family groups. As it was Spring (late October) there will have been fawns left to starve.

http://kapitiindependentnews.net.nz/whats-up-doc-3-deer-k…/…

The Marlborough branch of the New Zealand Deerstalkers Association then commissioned a survey of the whole area aerially 1080 poisoned, “to assess the amount of collateral damage done by 1080 poison” and to “inform the public debate”. They hired helicopters “to methodically sweep 60,000 hectares of the country’s largest high-country farm, Molesworth Station, counting the number of by-kill deer after the toxic poison drop.”

The survey and its results have never appeared.

On Feb 14, 2019, it was announced that the results of the survey, together with a report by Lincoln University PHD student Kaylyn Pinney would be released to the public “within a month”.

Here we are, March 22, 2019, and the report has still not been made public. It is now nearly 18 months since the aerial 1080 poison drop.

HOWEVER – last night, March 21, 2019, there was a meeting of the Upper Clutha branch of the NZ Deerstalkers’ Assn held in Wanaka. Approximately 25 people attended. A representative from OSPRI, Jennifer Lawn, was in attendance to talk about their TBfree programme, and in particular the results of their aerial 1080 poisoning of the Timaru Creek area, Lake Hawea, 20 June, 2018.

Lawn (OSPRI Operations Extension), when giving figures on how many deer are killed by 1080 poison, volunteered the information that 92% of the total deer population on Molesworth Station were killed by the October, 2017 poison drop. (Joel Lund was in attendance and he wrote this appalling figure down.) (1)

If 345 deer were killed in 10% of the station originally surveyed, and the kill rate is 92%, that means that presumably up to 4,000 deer were killed in that one 1080 operation!! No wonder OSPRI “deferred” the remaining two thirds of Molesworth Station.

IT SHOULD BE REMEMBERED THAT THIS POISON OPERATION WAS TO KILL POSSUMS – NOT DEER !

It should also be remembered that pigs, goats, and birds were killed in unknown numbers at Molesworth as well. Insects feeding on poisoned carcasses are killed. Birds are killed when they feed on carcasses ( hawks, falcons ), on poisoned insects, (owls and the smaller insectivores) or on the baits themselves.

(1) James Knapp, who was Health and Safety Manager for OSPRI at the time of this 1080 drop confirmed today that he considered the 92% figure to be correct.

(2) “An admission by the old AHB after a local poison op in 2002 admitted that 85% of the deer in the drop zone would have been poisoned. That admission came only after we persisted in hassling them after we found 18 dead deer.” – Lew Hore, Oamaru

(3) This deer and fawn are not from Molesworth, as NO information has been allowed into the public domain from the Molesworth 1080 drop. The photo is to help illustrate what happened, that’s all.

Header Photo: Screen shot from Taupo 1080 Drop, CGNZ

Poster below – by James Smith

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RELATED:

A farmer who lost 570 ewes following an accidental 1080 drop on his farm said that 6 months later sheep were still dying

1080 drop at Molesworth Stn NZ kills 345 NZ deer … dubbed “utterly inhumane” by a US University Professor

A NZ Landcare scientist estimates the likely death toll from an Otago 1080 drop in 2002 to be around 10,000 birds

WHO IS REALLY DRIVING PEST FREE NZ (PFNZ) – WHAT YOU AREN’T BEING TOLD

THE STOCK DEATHS FROM 1080 POISON & HOW DOC IS HIDING THEM IN THE PAPER WORK – STILL TRUST THEM?


 

If you are new to NZ’s 1080 poisoning program here is a good article to start with …

WHY ARE PEOPLE SO CONCERNED ABOUT 1080?

A must watch also is Poisoning Paradise, the doco made by the GrafBoys (banned from screening on NZ TV, yet a 4x international award winner). Their website is tv-wild.com. Their doco is a very comprehensive overview with the independent science to illustrate the question marks that remain over the use of this poison. There are links also on our 1080 resources page to most of the groups, pages, sites etc that will provide you with further information to make your own informed decision on this matter.

If you are pro poisoning of the environment, EnvirowatchRangitikei is not the place to espouse your opinions. Mainstream would be the place to air those. This is a venue for sharing the independent science you won’t of course find there.

 

A British documentary maker concludes that money not science is at the bottom of NZ’s continued use of 1080

From 2009 in Pressreader

2009 PRESSREADER ARTICLE.png

READ MORE:

https://www.pressreader.com/@nickname11420696/csb_6otXrP-pID4EcWAFAook8a7n6KR7xLXqG0tpv4lSLyz_HYG0PzEBSIqOjrCuRMfM?fbclid=IwAR25NCUMFrKcjbTnYdO8srGjvCtAWRB5Tz3S4NaEuNQzi7onLtot2yCHPNE

 

If you are new to NZ’s 1080 poisoning program here is a good article to start with …

WHY ARE PEOPLE SO CONCERNED ABOUT 1080?

A must watch also is Poisoning Paradise, the doco made by the GrafBoys (banned from screening on NZ TV, yet a 4x international award winner). Their website is tv-wild.com. Their doco is a very comprehensive overview with the independent science to illustrate the question marks that remain over the use of this poison. There are links also on our 1080 resources page to most of the groups, pages, sites etc that will provide you with further information to make your own informed decision on this matter. You can also find further 1080 articles at ‘categories’ (left of the news page) or by using the search box. Other vital info regarding risk to humans can be found on the Suspected 1080 Poisoning page.

If you are pro poisoning of the environment, EnvirowatchRangitikei is not the place to espouse your opinions. Mainstream would be the place to air those. This is a venue for sharing the independent science you won’t of course find there.

Note: We aim to raise awareness by providing independent information on environmental poisons … and we don’t endorse violence.

 

Authorities fail to display 1080 warning signs & an SPCA rescue dog is fatally poisoned in Taupo Forest

From Stuff.co.nz

A beloved rescue dog was dead within hours after ingesting 1080 poison on an afternoon walk in a Taupo forest last week.

Buster’s owners Stacy and John Lewis are angry about the lack of notification about the drop in Motouapa’s Hatepe forest and say signs were not in place warning of the poison danger.

They said it was every dog owners nightmare- to watch them die in pain.

“He started by peeing inside, which was unusual.” Stacy said.

“Then he went outside for another big pee and starts screaming and running around the house in a blind panic.

“We tackled him and took him outside where he has his first seizure.”

READ MORE

https://www.stuff.co.nz/environment/75996820/null?fbclid=IwAR3dLoy6WyZxg-F-fOaOM0oCc853pEmIzsLCAAmeMBevtPQw3_Oe4zOe_oI

PHOTO CREDIT: Stuff.co.nz